Pakistan is primarily an agrarian economy as most of its exports like cotton and textiles are a by-product of the agriculture sector. The sector holds significance in the local economy as it provides self-sufficiency for food and necessary edible goods. Despite its crucial role, the sector continues to employ redundant practices and does not yield enough for Pakistan to sustain itself.
Pakistan’s neighbour and a geo-strategic investor, China, revolutionized its agriculture sector to meet the growing demand of its increasing population by using modern and cutting-edge technology. The green revolution in China’s agriculture sector has been largely driven by integrating information technology with agriculture.
According to experts from China’s National Engineering Research Centre for Information Technology in Agriculture, by 2025, China’s digital agro-economy will exceed USD 100 billion. China has completely transformed the conventional practices of farming like plowing in the fields to using drones, precision hole-sowing machines, driverless harvesters, plant protecting devices, and remote surveillance equipment. In short, China’s agro-economy has leveraged the internet of things to transform its agriculture sector on a massive scale.
Pakistan being a part of the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) can use this strategic partnership to alleviate its agriculture sector. Recently, the Chinese government has shown willingness to share its expertise and experience with Pakistan to help the country integrate information technology and agriculture to bring about a green revolution in Pakistan.